What is a nasal tumor?
Tumor is Latin for swelling but not all swellings are cancer.
Benign tumors grow gradually and do not enter into the local structures. These are the most common sinonasal cavity variety.
Malignant tumors are most normally called cancer. These tumors enter the local tissues and can also extent to distant body parts.
Sinonasal tumors are unusual and make up only 10% of all head and neck tumors with about 10 people in one million being affected every year. They can arise from any structures in the nose.
- Nasal polyps
- Inverted papilloma
These tumors are uncommon but the most common are listed below.
- Squamous cell cancer: Make up the majority.
- Lymphoma: Immune System Tumors.
- Melanoma: Resultant from pigmented cells alike to those that causes skin cancer.
- Adenocarcinoma: Has been revealed to be more common in those people who work with hard woods.
The symptoms can be as follows:
- Nasal cavity: Partial nasal obstruction with or without a mucus nasal discharge, crusting or nosebleeds.
- Maxillary sinus: As this is under the eye, diseases can be limited within the sinus or spread forwards causing cheek swelling, upwards into the eye socket or sideways into the nasal cavity.
- Frontal sinus: sinus swelling above the eye on the forehead can cause localized swelling and may even push the eye down causing double vision. Pain is not a common feature.
- Ethmoidal sinuses: sinuses disease amid the eyes can push into the nasal cavity, hindering it, or spread into the eye socket shifting the eye again causing double vision.