Ear is the important part of the human body, which helps us to detect the sound . It has a very complicated structure. The ear is divided mainly into three parts outer, middle, and inner. Being a very sensitive organ,many conditions can affect it.
1. Cholesteatoma: It mainly affects the middle ear in which a middle ear skin is developed behind the eardrum
2. Dizziness and Vertigo: Dizziness is the condition in which you normally feel that you are about to faint, you feel sick and also have the tendency to vomit, and after a good rest you can return back to the normal.Vertigo is the condition in which you feel that either your surroundings or you are moving round when it is not really happening.
3. Ear infection : It is the commonest problem faced by children as well as adults. Many of the ear infections can be treated, but severe infections may lead to hearing loss.
4. Furuncle: It is normally a boil which affects the hair follicle due to a staphylococcal bacteria. The affected hair follicle can cause severe inflammations at that area.
5. Glue ear: Instead of air, a glue like fluid gets filled in the middle ear which causes loss of hearing .
6. Inflammatory Disorders: It is an inflammation affecting the perichondrium.Pseudomonas and mixed flora are the pathogens causing this inflammation. The pinna of the ear becomes red, hot and severe pain is felt.
7. Keratosis Obturans: It is a condition in which white mass of epithelial cells is collected in the deep meatus causing blockage & severe pain.
8. Meniere’s disease: Hearing loss, vertigo attacks and tinnitus are normally caused by this disease. It mainly affects the inner ear.
9. Otomycosis: It is the fungal infection that affects the external auditory canal .When the ear is examined , there is a greyish white thick debris found which is like a wet blotting paper. Candida Albicans and Aspergillus Niger commonly causes the fungal infections.
10. Otosclerosis: The tiny stapes bone present in the middle ear is affected by otosclerosis which causes hearing loss. It can be treated by hearing aids or by a surgery.
11. Perforated / Ruptured eardrum: Due to ear infections, the ear tympanic membrane ( ear drum) may get destroyed which is normally seen in children developing a pus behind the eardrum. On rising pressure,the eardrum may rupture.
12. Presbyacusis: Generally seen in around the age of 65 and at times below, due to high and continuous noise exposure or vascular diseases and due to ageing.
13. Tinnitus: It is condition in which we hear some sounds which can be loud or soft and it can affect both the ears or sometimes one of them. It can be a cause for irritation and can also affect our sleep. It also affects children sometimes and then it is called paediatric or childhood tinnitus.
14. Traumatic perforation of tympanic membrane: Use of pins, match sticks etc can cause trauma including sudden sounds also.One of the common traumatic cause is a slap on the ear.