Ear Micro Surgery: The microscope assisted surgery of the ear is called “Otomicrosurgery” or “Otologic” surgery. “Otologists” are ENT specialists who perform the ear surgeries.
a. Mastoidectomy: It is surgery where the mastoid air cells are removed. The surgery is normally used to treat middle ear infections, cholesteatoma.etc.
b. Myringoplasty/Tympanoplasty: The repair of ruptured eardrum is called myringoplasty. The ruptured eardrum and increased eardrum can affect the hearing capability. The reconstruction of the ear bones if damaged with the combination of myringoplasty is called Tympanoplasty.
c. Stapedectomy: The treatment in which the stapes of the middle ear is involved. The operation is completely done within the view of an operating microscope.