Epistaxis is called bleeding from the interior of nose. It is fairly common and is seen in all age groups of adults, children and elder ones. It often presents as an emergency. Epistaxis is a sign and not a disease perse and an attempt should always be made to find any local or systemic cause.
First aid, anterior nasal packing , elevation of mucoperichondrial flap , and septoplasty operation, posterior nasal packing, ligation or cauterisation of branches External of External carotid artery, Maxillary artery or Ethmoidal arteries may have to be undertaken in refractory cases.
Fracture of the Nasal bone
It is very common to have these fractures especially along with general facial trauma. If there is an external nasal deformity or nasal obstruction then it has to be corrected